Taekwondo Self Defence
Taekwondo self defence techniques are known as “hosinul” and are a massive part of any martial art. These techniques are designed to protect, disarm and incapacitate your attacker as quickly as possible.
Taekwondo students should work on the theory that one strike or one effort should be enough to finish your attacker. This type of power, focus, control and accuracy takes many years to achieve.
Self defence includes locks, holds, break-outs, take downs, pressure points and strikes. Weapons are also used and combatted against.
Hapkido is another Korean martial art and often a lot of the self defence aspects of Taekwondo are very similar to those of Hapkido. There are hundreds of combinations of counter attacks which are all based on basic martial arts knowledge.
Types of Techniques
There are different types of retaliation techniques to consider.
- Linear (or hard) techniques
- Circular (or soft) techniques
Linear Techniques These include punching, kicking, head butts and other striking techniques. Students should look to disarm and finish their opponent with one blow. The choice of technique available to use depends on the distance between you and your attacker. At kicking distance, obviously kicks should be used as your arms are too far away. At arms length never try and kick as you will miss the target so concentrate on punching. Very close combat should involve knees and elbows. With proper execution opponents may be incapacitated with a single blow, which lessens the number of attacks in encounters with multiple people.
Circular techniques These techniques are designed redirect and manipulate your opponent’s attack. The challenger can be manipulated into a position whereby a lock, stranglehold and/or finishing move can be applied. Soft self-defense techniques like the stranglehold or joint lock can be used to subdue the attacker, avoiding dealing permanent injury.