Judo Hip Throws Koshi Waza

Koshi-Waza (Hip Throws)

Opportunities for the leg throws mentioned in the previous section occur mostly when the

opponent is standing fairly upright or bracing back against a forward throw. Should your

opponent be bending forward at the waist with his arms fairly straight, it will be difficult to do

the leg throws described in the previous chapters. However, against this posture forward hip

throws are usually employed and three of the most important will be described in this section.

O-goshi (major hip)

This shows the basic action of the hip throws. Stand in the right natural posture. Step with

your right foot to a spot just in front of your opponent’s feet. Pivoting on the ball of your right

foot swing your left leg and foot round to about the position where your right foot was first. You

should now have made a complete turn and be facing the same way as your partner with your

feet about shoulder width apart. As you take the first step with the right foot, let go of your

partner’s jacket, and as you swing your body and left leg round put your arm round the

opponent’s waist and pull him forward onto your right hip. Do not move close in to your partner

with the foot movements. Turn more or less on the spot where you are and aim to pull the

opponent forward and on to your hips.

You should by now have your main pinned tightly on your hip with your legs slightly

bent. To throw the man straighten your legs so that your partner comes off the floor and by

swinging slightly round to your left side unload him off your hips.

Your left hand helps to pin the man on your hips by pulling strongly forward in

conjunction with the pivoting movement of the feet and body. This technique is rather difficult

to do as a straight throw. The reason is that when you let go with your right hand the opponent

usually knows what you have in mind and defends strongly against it.

However, in a mix-up when one man has attacked and failed with, say a hip throw, it is

possible to do. In this case when he is still close to you slide your arm round his waist and when

he moves out from his own attack follow up immediately with this hip throw. Another occasion

when it is possible to attack with o-goshi is when for some reason or other you are only holding

with your left hand. This happens very often. Instead of resuming the normal grip on the lapel

with your right hand jump in quickly, pulling strongly with your left arm, and whip your right

arm round your partner’s waist in one movement.

Two variations on this throw can be employed. The first is to throw your right arm round

your opponent’s neck and head instead of his waist. This can be used with great effect by a tall

man on his shorter opponent. The other is to hold your partner’s belt at the side and heave him

up and onto your hips. This can be a very powerful throw. It does not depend on too much speed

and can be used by a slower short stocky man. These two variations have slightly different names

in Japanese but I consider them as more or less similar to o-goshi.

Harai-goshi (sweeping hip)

Stand in the right natural posture. Step across with your right foot as in the previous

throw, then round with the left foot so as to pivot as before. This time the right leg sweeps into

the opponent’s right leg, so it is not necessary to push your hips completely in front of the

opponent’s.

As your left leg swings round pull the partner forward and with your right leg sweep the

opponent up so that he almost somersaults and lands on his back. Study the plates. The arms in

this throw pull the man forward strongly and onto the sweeping leg. It is not necessary, as in the

previous throw, to hoist the man up with your hips. Care should be taken to see that your right

leg actually sweeps the opponents legs and doesn’t just dangle in the air. In the sweep, keep the

leg fairly firm and use the weight and impetus of the leg to hit the opponent and sweep him off

his feet rather than putting the leg in position and slowly hoisting.

This is quite an effective throw especially for tall long-legged men. The position of the

right arm can sometimes be uncomfortable. If you are shorter than your opponent try to push

your right elbow somewhere under the opponent’s armpit, and if you are taller let your elbow

point up to the ceiling. Having pulled the man forward on to your sweeping leg take care to keep

your man pinned tight to your body. Imagine your opponent is like a door hinged not at the side

but at the top. If you want to sweep his legs up, ie, the bottom of the door, you must have the

top of the door hinged to something firm. Try for chest contact. Although it may not always be

possible to keep actual chest contact try to get as near as possible. If you have pinned and hinged

your man firmly on his upper body it will be easy to sweep his legs away.

Once again remember the direction of this throw. You should be pitching forward with

your partner to his right front corner. Judo hip throws Koshi Waza

Judo Hip Throws Koshi Waza

Koshi-Waza (Hip Throws)

Opportunities for the leg throws mentioned in the previous section occur mostly when the

opponent is standing fairly upright or bracing back against a forward throw. Should your

opponent be bending forward at the waist with his arms fairly straight, it will be difficult to do

the leg throws described in the previous chapters. However, against this posture forward hip

throws are usually employed and three of the most important will be described in this section.

O-goshi (major hip)

This shows the basic action of the hip throws. Stand in the right natural posture. Step with

your right foot to a spot just in front of your opponent's feet. Pivoting on the ball of your right

foot swing your left leg and foot round to about the position where your right foot was first. You

should now have made a complete turn and be facing the same way as your partner with your

feet about shoulder width apart. As you take the first step with the right foot, let go of your

partner's jacket, and as you swing your body and left leg round put your arm round the

opponent's waist and pull him forward onto your right hip. Do not move close in to your partner

with the foot movements. Turn more or less on the spot where you are and aim to pull the

opponent forward and on to your hips.

You should by now have your main pinned tightly on your hip with your legs slightly

bent. To throw the man straighten your legs so that your partner comes off the floor and by

swinging slightly round to your left side unload him off your hips.

Your left hand helps to pin the man on your hips by pulling strongly forward in

conjunction with the pivoting movement of the feet and body. This technique is rather difficult

to do as a straight throw. The reason is that when you let go with your right hand the opponent

usually knows what you have in mind and defends strongly against it.

However, in a mix-up when one man has attacked and failed with, say a hip throw, it is

possible to do. In this case when he is still close to you slide your arm round his waist and when

he moves out from his own attack follow up immediately with this hip throw. Another occasion

when it is possible to attack with o-goshi is when for some reason or other you are only holding

with your left hand. This happens very often. Instead of resuming the normal grip on the lapel

with your right hand jump in quickly, pulling strongly with your left arm, and whip your right

arm round your partner's waist in one movement.

Two variations on this throw can be employed. The first is to throw your right arm round

your opponent's neck and head instead of his waist. This can be used with great effect by a tall

man on his shorter opponent. The other is to hold your partner's belt at the side and heave him

up and onto your hips. This can be a very powerful throw. It does not depend on too much speed

and can be used by a slower short stocky man. These two variations have slightly different names

in Japanese but I consider them as more or less similar to o-goshi.

Harai-goshi (sweeping hip)

Stand in the right natural posture. Step across with your right foot as in the previous

throw, then round with the left foot so as to pivot as before. This time the right leg sweeps into

the opponent's right leg, so it is not necessary to push your hips completely in front of the

opponent's.

As your left leg swings round pull the partner forward and with your right leg sweep the

opponent up so that he almost somersaults and lands on his back. Study the plates. The arms in

this throw pull the man forward strongly and onto the sweeping leg. It is not necessary, as in the

previous throw, to hoist the man up with your hips. Care should be taken to see that your right

leg actually sweeps the opponents legs and doesn't just dangle in the air. In the sweep, keep the

leg fairly firm and use the weight and impetus of the leg to hit the opponent and sweep him off

his feet rather than putting the leg in position and slowly hoisting.

This is quite an effective throw especially for tall long-legged men. The position of the

right arm can sometimes be uncomfortable. If you are shorter than your opponent try to push

your right elbow somewhere under the opponent's armpit, and if you are taller let your elbow

point up to the ceiling. Having pulled the man forward on to your sweeping leg take care to keep

your man pinned tight to your body. Imagine your opponent is like a door hinged not at the side

but at the top. If you want to sweep his legs up, ie, the bottom of the door, you must have the

top of the door hinged to something firm. Try for chest contact. Although it may not always be

possible to keep actual chest contact try to get as near as possible. If you have pinned and hinged

your man firmly on his upper body it will be easy to sweep his legs away.

Once again remember the direction of this throw. You should be pitching forward with

your partner to his right front corner. Judo hip throws Koshi Waza
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