Kukkiwon Taekwondo Terms/Skill Names (update)

Kukkiwon Taekwondo Terms/Skill Names (update)

Postby Al Cole » June 12th, 2012, 6:07 am

I picked up this interesting terminology book from Kukkiwon.

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Taekwondo Terms/Skill Names (update)

Published August 15, 2010 by Kukkiwon

Research conducted between 2008 to 2010 by:

Professors from the following universities:
Han Chae Dae
Yongin Dae
Kyonghee Dae
Choson Dae
Seoul Dae
Yuk Kun Sa Kwan Hak Kyo

National Korean Language Center
Hangul Hak Hae (Hangul Scholar Society)
Official Dictionary of Korean Language

Kukkiwon Research Department
LEE, Bong
LEE, Chong Kwan
LEE, Kyu Seok
OH, Dae Yong

*rough translation from Korean to English by Al Cole, could be some slight error. I do not think this is a complete list of terms, I believe these are adjustments, revisions and finalizations.

Kkeokgi (noun: describing action of hoshinsul, to stop opponents hold)
- nulleokkeokgi; to push or press down your attacker
- biteureokkeokgi; to twist or torque against your attacker

Neomgigi (noun: describing action of hoshinsul, to make your opponent fall down)
- georeoneomgigi; hook opponents leg, tripping, sweeping, also use arm to push chest/body at same time
- deureoneomgigi; lift opponent off feet to make fall down

Ditgi (noun: describing action of steps while keeping fighting stance)
- naeditgi; forward moving footwork
- doraditgi; multi-directional footwork, changing direction
- moditgi; moving to 45 degree from original position
- mulleoditgi; backward moving footwork
- yeopditgi; side step
- jejariditgi; in place bouncing


Ttwigi (noun: describing action of jumping attack)
- nopittwigi; high jump
- ttwieoneomgi; jump over obstacle
- ttwieodolgi; jump and spin
- meollittwigi; distance jump

Makgi (noun: describing action of covering, or blocking)
- gawimakgi; sissors cover
- geodeureomakg; support cover, augment
- geodeomakgi; redirect cover
- georeomakgi; check attack early in attack phase
- geumgangmakgi; variations of keumgang warrior block/cover
- naeryeomakgi; variations of any downward cover, low block
- nulleomakgi; variations of downward pushing block
- bakkatmakgi; any inside to outside cover/block
- badamakgi; reduce force of impact by moving your body in same direction as strike, like boxing’s “rolling with the punches”
- biteureomakgi; twist your body away from strike in same direction as front leg
- chyyeomakgi; twist your body away from strike in opposite direction as front leg
- santeulmakgi; mountain block variations
- anmakgi; any outside to inside direction cover/block
- yeommakgi (yeopmakgi); any side cover
- ollyeomakgi; any cover going from down to up, olgulmakgi
- oesanteulmakgi: half mountain block
- chamakgi; using kicks to cover/block
- hecheomakgi; spreading cover
- hwangsoomakgi; bulls block (found in sipjin)

Milgi (noun: describing action of pushing)
- nalgaepyeogi; wing spread motion
- mireonaegi; slow steady motion
- milchyeonaegi; control distance, adjust opponents position using hand/foot
- bawimilgi; slow tension motion, pushing bolder, found in sipjin
- taesanmilgi; slow, strong tension motion, push big mountain
- tongmilgi; slow tension motion, pushing log. Word from “tongnamu” tree trunk

Ppaegi (noun: describing action of hoshinsul, to escape grab)
- nulleoppaegi; downward escape motions
- teureoppaegi; open hand wide, immediately followed by quick escape motion
- hwidulleoppaegi; make large body motion to break opponents grip

Seogi (stance posture)
- gyeotdariseogi; crouching position stance
- kkoaseogi; cross stance posture
- naranhiseogi; parallel stance
- dwitgubi; back stance; posture of back oriented squat stance
- moseogi; body facing at 45 degree posture
- moaseogi; feet together stance
- beomseogi; tiger (horangi) posture, tiger stance
- apkubi; forward bending posture stance
- apseogi; forward stance (natural)
- yeopseogi; like naranhiseogi, with one foot pointing to side
- juchumseogi; chambered posture from squat position
- hakdariseogi; crane-leg-posture, crane stance

Japgi (action of grabbing)

Junbijase (ready pose)
- gyeorugijunbi; confrontation ready
- gyeopsonjunbi; layer hand ready, like in pyongwon
- gibonjunbi; basic ready
- dujumeokheorijunbi; two fist at waist ready
- bojumeokjunbi; enveloped fist ready
- tongmilgijunbi; log trunk pushing ready

Jireugi “Je-roo-ki” (punch)
- geumgangjireugi; various Keumgang warrior punches
- naeryeojireugi; downward vertical punch
- digeutjajireugi; shape of Korean letter “digeut” double punch
- dangyeojireug; grab opponent and punch in various ways
- dollyeojireugi; various hook punch
- dwijireugi; punching behind you only to face of opponent
- sewojireugi; extended punch
- yeopjireugi; side punch by twisting the waist
- jeocheonjireugi; close up upper cut type punch
- chetdarijireugi; punch with both fist at same time
- chijireugi; medium range upside down punch, to chin
- pyojeokjireugi; target punching

Jjireugi “Geee-roo-ki” (front of fingers, straight in attack weak area)
- eopeojjireugi; punch with fist turned downside up
- jeothyeojjireugi; groin/lower abdomen attack, like in Koryo

Jjikgi – pyongjeumok “flat fist” at any angle

Chagi - kicking motion
- gawichagi; double side kick
- geodeupchagi; repeat kicking with leg in air
- gongjungjebichagi; flip upside down 360 degree, kick, and land back on feet
- gulleochagi; forward roll, kick right at end of roll
- naraechagi; double kick, first kick is feint, second leg kicks opponent hard
- nakkachagi; opponent avoid your side kick, then with same leg you attack with knee or heel (difficult to translate)
- naeryeochagi; axe kick, any angle
- dabanghyangchagi: multiple areal kicking breaks
- dolgaechagi; various hook kicks, hooreyeo chagi
- dollyeochagi; various round kicks
- dubaldangseongchagi; double jump front kick
- dwichagi; back kick
- ttwieochagi; any jump kick
- modumchagi; both feet kick same time
- mireochagi; push kick
- bakkatchagi; inside outside crescent kick
- bandalchagi; front round kick, 45, ap-tollyeo-chagi
- badachagi; any kick as counter kick
- balbutyeochagi; any kick as fast kick, from lead leg
- biteureochagi; twisting inverted round kick, like Taekkyon bit-chagi
- anchagi; outside to inside axe kick
- apchagi; front kick
- yeopchagi; side kick
- ieochagi; alternate legs kicking
- japgochagi; grab opponent and kick them
- jitjjiki; step and/or stomp of opponents foot to trap them
- pyojeokchagi; use own hand as target for strike, as in poomsae
- huryeochagi; variations of spin back hook kick

Chigi (various strikes using all striking areas of the arm, except fore fist and spear hand)
- geodeureochigi: an assisted strikes, augmented
- naeyeochigi; any strike to your own hand
- danggyeochigi; grab opponent and strike
- dollyeochigi; circular or round shape attacks, even with knee
- dwichigi; attacking opponent behind you
- bakkatchigi; inside to outside strike
- bitereochigi; opposite of stance twist strike
- anchigi; outside to inside strike
- apchigi; strikes to front
- yeopchigi; strikes to side
- ollyeochigi; strikes from low to high
- jebipoomchigi; various high sections block and simultaneous strike
- pyojeokchigi; use self as target

Pihagi - using avoidance skills
- biteureopihagi; upper body twist in direction of front foot; twist left for left foot front, twist right for right foot front
- sugyeopihagi; dip upper body down
- jeothyeopihagi; lean body back
- teureopihagi; upper body twist in direction of back foot; twist left for left foot back, twist right for right foot back

Teuksupum - unique posture shape
- doljjeogwi; stone holding position; both large and small hinge shape


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